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Examine Intestine and Stomach through Colonoscopy & Gastroscopy Services

 

What is it?

A colonoscopy is an examination of the entire length of large intestine using an endoscope inserted through the anus.

 

When would I need it?

A colonoscopy is useful for diagnosing ailments of the large intestine. Common large bowel ailments are constipation, passage of blood during bowel movements, abdominal bloating and persistent diarrhoea.

It is also used as a screening tool to detect colorectal cancer. Screening means a procedure is done in the absence of any symptoms. The purpose here is to pick up cancer in its early stage as early cancer usually causes no symptoms. Early cancer has a far better prognosis.

We also hope to detect polyps in the colon, some of which have the potential to transform into cancer. By removing the polyps, cancer may be avoided.

For screening purposes, patients 50 years and above are recommended to have the colon examined.

 

How is it performed?

You will need to clear the bowel of any residue the day before the procedure. You will be given a protocol to follow which includes consuming low-residue foods and having to consume a laxative that will wash out the colon.

On the day of the procedure, you will be given intravenous sedation. Once sedated the colonoscopy will be performed. The lining of the large bowel will be examined carefully. Any suspicious lesion will be biopsied immediately. Any polyp detected will be removed immediately as well.

The entire procedure is over in about 20 minutes.

 

Will I feel anything during the procedure?

No. You will be sedated throughout the procedure.

 

Will I feel anything after the procedure?

You will feel some abdominal bloating and colic. This is because of air injected into the colon during the procedure. This air will be naturally passed out as flatus in the few hours after the procedure, with resolution of the bloating.

 

Is it safe?

Colonoscopy is an extremely safe procedure.




What is it?

Gastroscopy is the procedure where an endoscope is inserted into the stomach to examine the inner lining of the oesophagus, stomach and the first part of the small intestine called the duodenum. It is one of the commonest procedures performed.

 

When would I need it?

Many patients suffer from abdominal pains and/or bloating sensations. Many symptoms are caused by stomach problems, so the endoscope is a very convenient and accurate way of confirming or excluding stomach ailments as the cause of the symptoms. Because the procedure is so easy to perform and has a very good safety profile, it is used frequently to aid in the diagnosis of conditions such as gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, oesophageal reflux disease, duodenal ulcers, tumours and the presence of Helicobacter pylori which is a bacteria that causes gastritis.

 

How is it performed?

Prior to the procedure, you will need to fast for four hours in order to empty the stomach of any food material. At the Endoscopy room, you will be given some intravenous sedation.

Once asleep, the endoscope is inserted into the mouth and is navigated into the stomach and duodenum. The entire inner lining of the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum are examined carefully. Any suspicious or unusual lesions are biopsied immediately.

The entire procedure is over in less than 10 minutes.

 

Will I feel anything during the procedure?

No. You will be asleep throughout the procedure.

 

Will I feel anything after the procedure?

There will be slight drowsiness which will clear up. You may have a very slight sore throat for 24 hours that will also clear up without any further treatment.

 

Is it safe?

Gastroscopy is an extremely safe procedure.


 
 
 
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